Vietnam is a developing country in South East Asia with a total population of 94,952,080 inhabitants in 2017 (United Nations). The urbanization process has been strongly speeded up with the influences of the reform policy and open door market oriented economy since 1986. Nowadays exist 788 cities and towns, including five major cities, which belong to the central government.
During period of renovation, Vietnam has been successful in generating rapid economic growth. It was the key issue of population and development and caused threats to the environment. In order to get advantages of potential positive impacts and minimize the negative effects of urbanization and population development to the environment, it is nec-essary to integrate environmental planning and spatial planning to steer the development process.
This report aims at clarifying environment and urban development issues related to spatial planning as well as current urban planning law of Vietnam in 2009. The authors will figure out the connection between population growth, cities development and the environmental quality, determine the gaps in environmental planning and spatial planning and recommend appropriate measures to fill the gaps.
The result of this work show that there are many environmental challenges in Vietnam, which includes sanitary water supply shortage, lack of waste water treatment plants, increasing solid waste generation, air pollution in cities, land use changes causing loss of green areas and agriculture land, old public transport system etc. Besides, the environmental data are fragmented and overlap each other; there is not any unified environmental information system for sharing and managing data.
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